The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retro virus that infects cells of the immune system, destroying or impairing their function. As the infection progresses, the immune system becomes weaker and the person becomes more susceptible to infections. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It can take 10 -15 years for an HIV-infected person to develop AIDS. The good news is that antiretroviral drugs can slow the process and improve quality of life. HIV is transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse (vaginal or anal), transfusion of contaminated blood, sharing of contaminated needles, during pregnancy between a mother and her infant, childbirth and breastfeeding.


Studies indicate that 65 million people worldwide have been infected with HIV. Each day 1000 children worldwide become infected with HIV majority of them newborns. Data from WHO indicates that sub-Saharan Africa, accounts for 68% of global prevalence of HIV cases. This disease disproportionally affects women particularly young women. Gender inequality and harmful social norms have facilitated HIV transmission as such women account for approximately 52% of global adult prevalence. Considering these numbers there is no doubt that sub-Saharan Africa requires intensified efforts in HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. In order to reduce the spread of HIV infection, programs should demonstrate a stronger focus on the needs of women, girls and other vulnerable populations. 


Our goals to combat the global HIV epidemic include the following:

  • Increase universal access to comprehensive HIV prevention, treatment and care.
  • increase access to sexual/ reproductive health education and services.
  • Reduce new infections in the adult population.
  • Eliminate new infections in children.
  • Reduce complications associated with HIV/AIDS such as tuberculosis.
  • Encourage medication compliance through patient education & screening for depression.
  • Address other social determinants of health (gender inequality & poverty) which contribute to elevated infection rates.
  • Reduce HIV-related mortality